Romans 5:12-21 – Adam and Christ
Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death came through sin, and so death spread to all because all have sinned— sin was indeed in the world before the law, but sin is not reckoned when there is no law. Yet death exercised dominion from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sins were not like the transgression of Adam, who is a type of the one who was to come.
But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died through the one man’s trespass, much more surely have the grace of God and the free gift in the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abounded for the many. And the free gift is not like the effect of the one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brings justification. If, because of the one man’s trespass, death exercised dominion through that one, much more surely will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness exercise dominion in life through the one man, Jesus Christ.
Therefore just as one man’s trespass led to condemnation for all, so one man’s act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all. For just as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous. But law came in, with the result that the trespass multiplied; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, just as sin exercised dominion in death, so grace might also exercise dominion through justification leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Yesterday was my youngest son’s piano recital and he did a great job. I was so proud of the hard work he put into his piece and how well he played it (Peanuts theme). This passage came to mind for me as the kids played their various pieces. Some were very polished, some were not yet there. I was struck by how one key / one note / one string can make such a tremendous difference in a piece. One key struck well can make the piece come together perfectly. One struck “off” can also set the piece off in a way that was not desired. In this passage, one person makes a tremendous difference – one man’s sin – Adam’s – is transmitted down to everyone else. One man’s sacrifice – Jesus’ – transforms and reconciles all of us.
One person can make a tremendous difference – what difference are we called to make today?